In 44 of these cases the cause of death was natural causes or unclear. In a comparison of suicides and natural deaths, the concentrations both of flunitrazepam and nitrazepam sleeping medications were significantly higher among the suicides. In four cases benzodiazepines were the sole cause of death. In Australia, a study of 16 deaths associated with toxic concentrations of benzodiazepines during the period of 5 years leading up to July found preexisting natural disease as a feature of 11 cases; 14 cases were suicides.
Cases where other drugs, including ethanol, had contributed to the death were excluded. In the remaining five cases, death was caused solely by benzodiazepines. Nitrazepam and temazepam were the most prevalent drugs detected, followed by oxazepam and flunitrazepam. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The core structure of benzodiazepines.
Medical Toxicology 3rd ed. American Journal of Public Health. Results from an elderly urban community". Clinical and pharmacological considerations and treatment". Apropos of 65 personal cases]". Ann Pediatr Paris in French. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. Journal of forensic sciences. British Journal of Psychiatry.
Br J Clin Pharmacol. Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. Goldfrank's toxicologic emergencies 8th ed. Controversies in the use of a 'coma cocktail ' ". Scand J Public Health. A study shows interacting factors in fatal cases". Psychoactive substance-related disorder F10—F19 , —; — Alcoholic hepatitis Alcoholic liver disease Auto-brewery syndrome.
Alcohol-related dementia Alcoholic hallucinosis Hangover. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy Alcohol flush reaction. Alcoholism alcohol use disorder Binge drinking. SID Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder. Poisoning Toxicity Overdosing T36—T65 , — Sulfuric acid Selenium Chlorine Fluoride. Pesticides Aluminium phosphide Organophosphates. Cyanide Nicotine Nitrogen dioxide poisoning.
Retrieved from " https: Benzodiazepines Poisoning by drugs, medicaments and biological substances. CS1 French-language sources fr Infobox medical condition. Views Read Edit View history. A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as TT A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
A type 2 excludes note represents "not included here". A type 2 excludes note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition it is excluded from but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code TT50 and the excluded code together. Mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use F10 Alcohol related disorders F11 Opioid related disorders F12 Cannabis related disorders F13 Sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic relate F14 Cocaine related disorders F15 Other stimulant related disorders F16 Hallucinogen related disorders F17 Nicotine dependence F18 Inhalant related disorders F19 Other psychoactive substance related dis F55 Abuse of non-psychoactive substances F Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period PP04 Newborn affected by maternal factors and PP08 Disorders of newborn related to length o PP39 Infections specific to the perinatal per PP61 Hemorrhagic and hematological disorders PP74 Transitory endocrine and metabolic disor T36 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T37 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T38 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T39 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T40 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T41 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T42 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T43 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T44 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T45 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi T46 Poisoning by, adverse effect of and underdosi